# Notes of FA / FSC Part 1st

## HIS FIRST FLIGHT

Q.1 What is the young seagull afraid of?

Ans. The young seagull is afraid of flying. He thinks that his wings will not support him and as a result he will fall into the sea. The vast sea beneath him seems to be miles down. The sight of such a far away sea also frightens him. Whenever he tries to fly, he becomes afraid and runs back into the little hole under the ledge.

Q2. Why don't his parents, his brothers and sister give him food?

Ans. His parents, his brothers and sister do not give him food because they want him to fly with them by keeping him hungry for some time. They think that when he becomes hungry, he will be compelled to leave the ledge and fly towards them.

Q.3  What does his mother do to force him to fly?

Ans. In order to force him to fly, his mother pic up a piece of fish and flies towards him. But when comes near him, she stops in the air. The sight fish in his mother's beak makes him impatient to reach and get it. In the struggle to get the pice of fish he jumps at it. The mother swoops upwards and as a result the young seagull falls downward and  there is no other way but to fly in the air.

Q.4 What does he feel when he finally flaps his wings and finds that he is not falling?

Ans. He feels happy and begins to cry with joy when finally flaps his wings and finds that he is not falling. At first he thinks that his wings are weak and will not support him in flight. But when he flaps them and feelsthat he can fly, he becomes extremely happy.

Q5. What is significant about the bird's first flight?

Ans:The significance about the bird's first flight is that the beginning of everything is difficult but not impossible. One must take the start without losing one's courage. The young seagull is at first afraid and cannot make the courage to fly. But once he takes the plunge, he succeeds in flying.

Q.6 What lesson do you derive from this simple story?

Ans. The lesson that we derive from this simple story is that 'fortune favours the brave'. One should never lose one's courage. One should always think about success rather than failure. The young seagull in the story is afraid of flying. But once he flaps his wings, he gets success and enjoys eating different fish.

## FIRST YEAR AT HARROW

Q.1 How old was Churchill when he entered "the inhospitable regions of examinations"?

Ans. Churchill was twelve years old when he entered the inhospitable regions of examinations. He had hardly celebrated his twelfth birthday when he got admission in Harrow. Here he faced the bitter experience of written examinations. These examinations were a great trial to him.

Q.2 Which subjects were dearest to Churchill and which ones were fancied by the examiners?

Ans. History, poetry and writing essays were the subjects which and dearest to were Churchill. Latin and Mathematics were the subjects which were fancied. by the examiners.

Q.3 In what way did Mr. Welldon take a broadminded view of Churchill's Latin?

Ans. Mr. Welldon took a broadminded view of Churchill's Latin by judging him on the basis of his general ability and intelligence. He was allowed to pass into Harrow in spite of his failure in the test. Mr. Welldon discerned the hidden qualities of his head and heart.

Q.4 How were the names printed in the school's list, and at which position did Churchill's name appear?

Ans. The names were printed in the school list inalphabetical order. Churchill's name occurred at No.3 from the bottom. The two students, whose names were placed below Churchill's name, left the school due to illness or some other reasons. Thus his name came to the bottom of the list.

Q.5 What was Somervell's system of teaching English?

Ans. Mr. Somerwell had a unique system of teaching English. He used to split a long sentence into its component parts using black, red, blue and green inks. He would analyze a sentence by making different parts of a sentence such as subject, verb, object, relative clauses, conditional clauses etc. with different kinds of inks. In this way he would involve students in exercises and enabled them to understand the essential structure of English sentences.

Q.6 Churchill says that the examiners asked questions which he could not answer and not those which he could. How would you describe your experience with examiners and examinations?

Ans: I get worried, tense and confused whenever I am unable to answer a question set in the paper A+ such an occasion begin to perspire even in the chilly winter season. Such an experience is a very bitter one for me. I begin to curse sometimes myself and sometimes the examiner.

Q.7 Why does Churchill think Mr. Weldon considered him to be worthy to pass into Harrow?

Ans. Churchill thinks Mr. Weldon considered him to be worthy to pass into Harrow on the basis of his general ability. In the Entrance Examination he wrote only his name and question number, yet he was given admission to Harrow. Churchill means to say that it is not necessary that a student should know Aanswers to the questions which the examiners ask in the question papers. It is also possible that a student in spite of failure in the entrance examination, may do well during his student life in an institution. Moreover, he also wants to tell about the Headmaster's deep insight to detect the hidden capabilities of a student.

Q8. Why does the author consider his situation at Harrow as unpretentious?

Ans: The author considers his situation at Harrow as unpretentious because on his admission to Harrow, he was kept at the bottom of the school list. He was considered to be one of the dull students of the school. Moreover, he was very weak in Latin and Greek which were the favorite languages of the teachers as well as the students.

Q 9. Why were Churchill and other such students not allowed to learn Latin and Greek?

Ans. Churchill and other such students were not allowed to learn Lain and Greek because they were the weakest students of the class. The teachers were of the view that they did not have the ability to learn these languages. Latin and Greek were considered splendid languages and hence only brilliant students were allowed to learn them. Being dunces, Churchill and other such students were considered to be capable of learning their mother tongue only.

Q.10 Why didn't Churchill feel himself at any disadvantage as compared to those who learnt Latin and Greek?

Ans. In view of his weakness in Latin and Greek, Churchill was allowed to learn only English. On the other hand, the brilliant and the intelligent students were allowed to learn Latin and Greek. But later on, the same Intelligent students were compelled to learn English for their living. As Church guish thoroughly. he did not feel himself at any vantage as compared to those who had learnt disadvantage as co Latin and Greek.

Q.11 Churchill says that he would whip those student hard who do not learn English well. What do you think?

Ans. English is an important language in Britain as well as many other countries of the world. Churchill gives very importance to it. He gives preference to it over Lain and Greek. In Churchill's opinion, no success is possible for the English without English. It is therefore must for them to learn their mother tong first. That is why he tells that he would whip hard those who do not learn English well.

#### SEPTEMBER, THE FIRST DAY OF SCHOOL

Q1. What is central idea or theme of the poem "September, the First Day of School" by Howard Nemerov?

Ans. In the poem “September, the First Day of School” the poet describes his fatherly feelings towards his son whom he is taking to school for the first time. He says that a child faces a lot of difficult situations in school. He suffers a lot at school but later on he enjoys the fruit of his sufferings. The poet is hopeful that the teachers at school will show him more love and take greater care of him than he can.

## IT'S COUNTRY FOR ME

Q1. How does Joel feel about getting out of bed at 11:15 P.M. to feed the lamb? How can you tell?

Ans. Joel feels happy about getting out of bed at 11.15 P.M. to feed the lamb. When he is asked by his mother to go to the barn to feed the lamb, he readily agrees. Feeding lambs is a part of farming whereas farming is Joel's world which gives pleasure.

Q2. Describe the Holland's farm.

Holland is the land where Joel and his family live. It is spread on 245 acre hilly area. It is situated near Scales Mound, a town of 400 people. The farm was brought by the great grandfather of Joel in it a rich black soil, ploughed by Hollands for 120.

Q3. In what ways does Joel play the role of an adult?

Joel is a teenager but he does those works which adults do. He knows all the techniques which are necessary for modern farming. He knows how to operate machines. He knows how to drive powerful vehicles like tractor etc. He is a mechanic also. He knows how to repair the machines and vehicles which are used in Holland Farm.

Q.4 Does Joel agree with his brother about the rewards of a farming life?

Ans. Joel does not agree with his brother about the reward of a farming life. One of his brothers considers farming an independent life. He says that in farming one has no boss. Joel, on the other hand, believes that farming is not an independent life. In it one has many bosses. Being the youngest, Joel obeys his father and brothers like bosses in performing different jobs like running for a tractor or finding forgotten tools.

Q.5 What skills must a farmer have to run a farm like theHollands'?

Ans.In order to run a farm like the Hollands, a farmer must know many skills. He must be skilled in operating machines. He must know how to drive powerful vehicles like tractors. He should know to repair machines and vehicles. At the same time, he must be skilful in raising livestock and tending them when sick. He should be an agriculturist who grows food on a large scale.

Q6. Joel says that of all the places on earth, he would choose to live "right here" -- on the farm. Do you think his choice is a good one?

Ans. I think Joel's choice to live on the farm house is a good one because the country life provides him the joys of peaceful life and sound health. Here, he leads free and independent life. He works in the lap of nature which in itself is a blessing of God.

Q.7 In a sentence, state the main idea of the story.

Ans. The story describes the life of an enthusiastic farmer which is full of pleasures and peace of mind.

## OUR ENVIRONMENT

Q1. Why did man start corrupting the environment? What were the reasons?

Ans. Man started corrupting the environment because of his lack of knowledge and ignorance. He considered the environmental resources as unlimited and unpolluted. He was of the view that the rivers and oceans could be used as resources of power and disposal of waste.

Q.2 Why does the author say that environment is now a social problem?

Ans. The author says that the environment is a now a social problem. He says that increase in the air, water and land pollution creates problems of health which lead to problems of welfare of a large number of people. A polluted environment puts man in a dangerous position.

Q.3 What is an ecosystem? How does nature keep the ecosystem balanced?

Ans. The adjustment of relations between living things and physical environment is called ecosystem. Each living thing plays a part in this ecosystem. In this system each element necessary for life passes through a process of use and reuse as well as disease and killing of small animals by larger ones. In this way nature keeps the ecosystem balanced.

Q.4 What does an alteration in one part of the ecosystem impact other parts of the ecosystem?

Ans. Alteration in one part of the ecosystem disturbs the complicated web of relationships between living things and physical environment. Such a disturbance of ecosystem creates innumerable problems health, shortage of food and epidemics. The author gives the example of an attempt of stopping hippo's grazing which resulted in shortage of food and epidemic in south Africa.

0.5 What is the question before the society now? How could the society respond to this question?

Ans. The question before the society now is how to make amends for our injudicious attitude to our environment and how to ease the burden. The society has to devise ways and means to pay for the clean-up of rivers, oceans, landscape and air. The society has to respond to it with all the available resources through action groups, legislation, ecology course and awareness of the common man of the dangers of the environmental pollution.

Q6. What do you think would happen if the society does not respond to the question about environment in a befitting manner? What kind of world we would be living in fifty years from now, a hundred years from now?

Ans. If the society does not respond to the question about environment in a befitting manner, the relation between living things and physical environment will be disturbed. The environment will become dirty while human life will be at risk. The atmosphere will be polluted making it difficult for the living organisms to inhale. After 50 or 100 years, it would be almost impossible for human beings to live on the surface of the earth.

Q7. What do you think is happening in Pakistan with regard to environment? Do you think we are well aware of the damage done to our environment?

Ans. A great damage is being done to the environment in Pakistan every day. Most of the people of our country are illiterate. Their irresponsible attitude towards environment and lack of interest of the government in this regard make the problem serious day by day. The waste of factories and the use insecticides has poisoned the air, water and land. I think we are completely unaware of the damage done to the environment.

Q.8 What do you think is the role of the government and the society at large in terms of handling the environment crisis? What duties would you assign to the government and to the society?

Ans. Both government and society have to play elemental and monumental role in handling the environmental crisis. The government must pass environmental legislation, give ecology course at various levels of education and make arrangement for awareness of the people at large to meet the problem of environmental pollution. The role of the society is to co-operate with government through action groups Its response should be positive to the efforts made by the government in this regard.

## TEARS OF NATURE

Q1 .What is the theme of the poem "Tears of Nature" by Graeme King?

Ans. In this poem "Tears of Nature" the poet expresses his deep grief over the indifferent and cruel attitude of man towards nature and environment. Nature weeps and cries when someone cuts down even a single tree but man pays no attention to its cries. Nature performs the role of a benefactor for man. It fulfils all the needs of man. But man is totally ignorant of the importance of nature. He has completely failed in protecting the objects of nature from destruction and pollution.

## THE BLANKET

Q.1 What do Peter and Granddad talk about when the story begins?

Ans. Peter and Granddad talk about the harmonica and the blanket when the story begins. At first Granddad tells Peter that he is going to bring out his harmonica. But instead of harmonica, he brings out the blanket. He tells him that the blanket is a going away gift. He also tells him that his father is a kind man to have brought it for him.

Q2. Who is giving the blanket as a gift to whom? Why is the blanket called a going-away gift?

Dad is giving the blanket as a gift to Granddad. Dad is going to send Granddad away to the government house for old people. He will take the blanket with him to the government house where he is to live for the rest of his life. As the blanket is brought on the occasion of his going away, therefore it is called a going-away gift.

Ans. Peter's Dad is. sending. Granddad away firstly because Dad is going to marry a young pretty girl and secondly Granddad has become old. Dad is sending Granddad away to the government house for old people. In those days old people were sent to government houses where all kinds of facilities were provided to them.

Q4. Why does Peter's Dad get angry with the girl he is going to marry?

Ans. Peter's Dad gets angry with the girl because she does not want her husband to give such a costly and double blanket to Granddad on his going away. She is a selfish girl. She does not like her husband to treat his father kindly and spend money on him.

Q5. Why does Peter ask his father to cut the blanket in two?

Ans. Peter asks his father to cut the blanket in two so that he could give the other half to him when he would send him away on becoming old. He wants his father to realize the fact "As you sow, so shall you reap".

Q6. Why do all three ... Peter, Dad and Granddad ... cry at the end of the story?

Ans. Peter, Dad and Granddad cry at the end of the story because they become emotional when Dad realizes his foolish mistake and decides not to send his father away. The Granddad lays his hand very kindly on his shoulders. He does so in a fatherly manner and tell him that actually his son does not mean to send him away.

Q.7 What sort of child is Peter? What attitude does he display towards his Granddad and his father?

Ans. Peter is a sensible boy in spite of being young and immature. He displays an attitude of respect and of great regard towards his Granddad and Dad. He cannot bear Granddad's separation. He is against his father's decision of sending Granddad away to the government house for old people. It is the result of Peter's wisdom that Dad changes his decision and does not send Granddad away to the government house.

Q.8. What sort of person is Granddad? What attitude does he display towards the entire situation?

Ans. Granddad is a seasoned person. He is a cool minded fellow. Dad intends to send his away to the government house for old people but he does not show any sort of resentment even through his face expression. He displays an attitude of courage and fortitude towards the entire situation.

Q9.| What sort of person is Peter's father? Is he a good hearted person or not?

Ans. Peter's father is a selfish person. He wants to marry a young beautiful girl. For this purpose he decides to send Granddad away to the government house for old people. He changes his decision only when he realizes the fact that his son would also send him away when he is old. I think Peter's father is not a good-hearted person.

Q.10 What lesson about human relationship do you learn from this short story?

Ans. The lesson that we learn from this short story is that we must respect and facilitate our elders in their old age. They should not be sent away from the house where they had spent most of their lives. They should not be separated from their dear ones. If we do not do so, we shall also be neglected by our children when we are old and weak.

## THE WAY IT WAS AND IS

Q1. Did Bill Cosby react honestly when his father tried to introduce him to his kind of music?

Ans. No, Bill Cosby did not react honestly when his father tried to introduce him to his kind of music. He did not like the old music which his father liked. In order to avoid the music, he would pass stealthily by the living room of his father. Whenever he was invited by his father to listen to the music, Bill Cosby would give him the false impression that he enjoyed it but in reality he disliked it.

Q.2 Who were some of the musicians Cosby liked when he was young?

Ans. The musicians that Cosby liked when he was young were Sonny Rollins, John Coltrane, Dizzy, Gillespie, Miles Davis, Thelonious Monk, Bud Powel and Philly Joe Jones.

Q.3 Bill Cosby said that he was "falling into the great American trap" by buying a stereo for his daughter. What does he mean by it?

Ans. Bill Cosby had great love for his daughter. He wanted to her happy. For this purpose a bought a stereo for her. This action got him fell into the great American trap. The stereo made his daughter's room a recording studio because she used to hear music at a very loud voice.

Q.6 Does Bill Cosby think the generation gap can be closed? Explain your answer.

Ans. No, Bill Cosby does not think that the generation gap can be closed. After getting fed up with the loud music, he gets angry and orders his daughter to turn the music down instead of persuading her to do so. The friends of his daughter consider him the best father in the world when they come to know about the purchase of the stereo but he begins to repent it.

Q.7 What is it that the old behave in their own similar ways and the young behave in their own similar ways? Give reasons.

Ans. The old and the young behave in their own similar ways because they are brought up and used to their own cultural values. The values change with the passage of time. The young ones consider the new values better than the old ones while the old people dislike and resist them for the change. It is in fat a matter of orientation.

Q8. What is it that kids don't consider their parents hip, and when the same kids become parents, they are not considered hip by their kids?

Ans. Kids and parents do not consider each other hip because of generation gap. In each generation the kids do not like their parents' old ideas and fashions They consider them old-fashioned. But when kids grow old and become parents, their children not understand them.

## THE MOST BEAUTIFUL FLOWER

What is the theme of the poem "The Most Beautiful Flower" by Cheryl L. Costello-Forshey?

Ans. In this beautiful poem, the poetess says that life is what his thoughts make it. Happiness is matter of externals but depends upon one's thinking. She learns this lesson from a blind presents to her a withered flower when she ands upon one's way of n from a blind boy who or when she is sitting on a bench under a willow tree in a dejected mood. The boy is happy though he is blind while the poetess is sorrowful in spite of all the comforts of life at her disposal. This incident brings a total change in her life. She decides to enjoy the beauty of the world and appreciate every moment of her life.

## THE SCHOLARSHIP JACKET

Q1. What tradition was followed by the small Texas school which Marta Salinos attended?

Ans. The tradition that the small Texas school followed was that a student who maintained the highest grades for eight years was awarded scholarship jacket. It was a beautiful gold and green jacket. It bore a big gold S on the left front and the student's name was written in golden letters on the pocket.

Q2. Why did Marta expect that she would win the scholarship jacket that year?

Ans. Marta expected that she would win the scholarship jacket that year because she had been a straight A student since the first grade. Moreover, her sister Rosie had won the same scholarship jacket a few years ago which was an incentive for her.

Q.3 Why couldn't Marta take part in sports at school?

Ans. Marta couldn't take part is sports at school because her father was a farm labourer. It was very difficult for him to earn enough money to feed eight children. Being poor, Marta could not pay expenses incurred on sports as registration fees, uniform costs and trips out of town.

Q4. Who were angrily arguing when Marta reached her classroom to pick her shorts? And what were they arguing about?

Ans. Mr. Schmidt, the history teacher and Mr. Boone, the Math teacher were angrily arguing about giving Marta the scholarship jacket. The former was in favour of giving the scholarship jacket to Marta while the latter was against it. The latter favoured Joanne whose father was not only a member of the Board but also owned the only store in the town.

Q.5 Who refused to lie or falsify Marta academic recordand why?

Ans. Mr. Schmidt who was the history teacher refused to lie or falsify Marta's academic records. He refused to do so saying that Marta had a straight A plus average and could not be compared to any one else's.

Q.6 What was the change in policy regarding the award of the scholarship jacket?

Ans. In the previous years, the scholarship jacket was awarded free of cost to the student who had maintained the highest grades for eight years. The change in the policy regarding the award of the scholarship jacket was that it was to be awarded not free but at the payment of fifteen dollars by the winner. It was an unjust policy. It was meant for obliging an influential student while depriving a deserving one of his due right.

Q.7 What did her grandfather say when Marta told him about payment to be made for the jacket?

Ans. When Marta informed her grandfather of the new policy of the school and asked for fifteen dollars. he refused to pay for the scholarship jacket. He told Marta that if she paid for the scholarship jacket, it would not be a scholarship jacket but a purchased one. He directed her to tell her principal that she would not pay the fifteen dollars for it.

Q8. What happened when Marta told the principal what her grandfather had said?

Ans.When Marta told the principal that her grandfather had refused to pay fifteen dollars for the jacket she had earned through her own efforts, he realized his quilt. He changed his mind and told Marta that she would receive the scholarship jacket free of cost. He added that he would bring a change in the policy this year regarding the scholarship jacket.

Q9. What do you think of Marta as a student?

Ans. Marta is a hardworking, disciplined and polite student. She is one of the top-students of the school. It is her keen desire to win the scholarship jacket. She has great regard for her teachers. She respects even that teacher who is not in favour of giving her the scholarship jacket.

Q 10. What do you think of the two teachers who were arguing about Marta?

Ans. One of the two teachers called Mr. Schmidt was a man of principles. He wanted that those students should receive the scholarship jackets who deserve them. As against that Mr. Boone had no principles. He was in favor of giving the scholarship jacket to those who were influential and rich.

Q11. What is your opinion of the principal of the school?

Ans. I think the principal of the school is a reasonable person. It is the decision of the Board that the student, who wins the scholarship jacket, should pay 15 dollars for it. If he is unable to pay the required amount, the jacket will be given to the runner up. When the principal comes to know that the winner is a poor girl who cannot pay for the jacket, he makes an exemption in her case.

Q.12 How would you describe the character of Marta's grandfather?

Ans. Marta's grandfather is a farm labourer. He is a hardworking man. He is a man of principles and refuses to accept a scholarship jacket for his granddaughter for payment of fifteen dollars. He hasa strong power of making decisions.

Q.13 Which character in the story, apart from Marta, would you consider noble and which ignoble and why?

Ans. Give reasons. Mr. Schmidt, the history teacher, is a noble character. He shows his greatness in refusing to deprive an intelligent student like Marta of her right. I consider the character of Mr. Boone, the Math teacher, an ignoble one because he shows great meanness by trying to deprive a poor inte student of her right. He is in favour of giv scholarship jacket to the daughter of a person w a member of the Board as well as the owner only shop in the town.

Q14. What was the motive behind changing the policy this year?

Ans. The motive behind changing the policy this year was to give the scholarship jacket to a favourite student of the policy makers. Actually, the winner of the scholarship jacket was Marta who was the daughter of a poor farmer. But the members of the Board wanted to favour Joanne whose father was not only a member of the Board but also owned the only store in the town.

## A LONG WALK HOME

Q.1 Why did Jason readily agree to drive his father to Mijas?

Ans. Jason has just learned driving. He was fond of driving the car. When he was asked by his father to drive him to Mijas, he readily agreed because it provided him a very good opportunity of using the car.

0.2. What excuse did Jason invent as an explanation for his being late?

Ans.

Jason was to pick up his father from Mijas at 4 p.m. He became so busy in the films that he forgot his father waiting for him. In order to avoid for his father anger he invented an excuse for being late. The excuse was that the car needed some major repairs. Thus it took longer time than it was expected.

Q3. Why did his father say that he was angry with himself, not with Jason?

Ans.

His father said that he was angry with himself because he had not given proper training to his son. He decided to go home on foot and complete where he had gone wrong in bringing up his son. He thought that if he brought up his son properly. He would not have told a lie to his father.

Q4. Why did Jason's father decide to walk the 18 miles back home?

Ans.

Jason's father deeply shocked when his son told a lie to him. He decided to walk the 18 miles back home as a protest against his son's lies. He wanted to teach him a lesson. Moreover, he wanted to think on the way over his own failure in bringing up his son in an appropriate manner.

Q5. What was the most distressing and painful experience for Jason?

Ans.

The most distressing and painful experience for Jason was when his father refused to go with him in the car. He was very shocked to see his kind and affectionate father walking along the dusty road in a painful and distressing mood. Jason apologized again and again for telling a lie but all in vain .

Q6. Was Jason's father angry with him because he was late?

Ans. Jason's father was angry with Jason not because he came late but because he told lies about coming late. He was so angry with him that he refused to go with him in the car. He did not expect such a behaviour from his son.

Q.7 What is your opinion of the way Jason's father responded to his son's lying to him?

Ans.

Jason's father responded to his son's lies in the most natural way. A kind and beneficial father is naturally shocked when his son tires to deceive him. The way responded made his son realize his guilt. It affected him so much that he decided never to lie to his father in future.

Q.8 Jason said that he learned something invaluable from this experience. What do you think he learned besides learning not to lie?

Ans.

I think that Jason learnt the lesson of always doing the right thing at the right time. He learnt the fact that ne failed in doing so, he would be compelled to tell lies about it. Moreover, this bitter experience open his eyes. It made him learn that parents should not be deceived.

Q.9 Do you think Jason would have learnt his lesson if his father had got angry with him and punished him?

Ans.

No, Jason would not have learnt any lesson if his father had not got angry with him and punished him. Jason's father did the right job. He decided to walk the 18 miles back home as a protest against his son's lies. If he had not done so, Jason would have encouraged to tell lies in future:

## BE THE BEST OF WHATEVER YOU ARE

Q1. What is the central idea of the poem "Be the Best of Whatever You Are" by Douglas Massoch?

Ans.

In the poem "Be the Best of Whatever You Are" the poet wants to convey the idea that a person should make a useful use of the qualities God has granted him. He should be the best of whatever he is. If a person cannot be a tall pine tree, he should try to be a scrub at least. It shows that everyone has his own position and importance. He should try to work and make efforts according to his capacity. It is not the size but the performance of the person that is counted. One should do the best in whatever field of life he may be

## FLY AWAY

Q1. What was Helfer asked to do?

Ans.

Hefer was asked to supply 5000 trained flies. The flies were needed by a film director for a film shoot The director wanted the flies to crawl over a dead looking thing without flying away. Then they had to fly away on command but not before.

Q2. What plan did he develop?

Ans.

The plan which he developed was that he visited one of his friends called Professor Jonathan Ziller. The professor gave him a box containing fly larvae ready to become flies. He also gave him a special harmless tranquilizer in a gas capsule. When everything was ready, he brought it to the director and the plan was a success.

Q3. What happened at the shoot?

Ans.

On the morning of the shoot, the larvae became flies at the exact calculated time. The writer reached the studio with the fly box and set it near the camera. The flies started buzzing. After some time he opened the door of the box. He secretly broke open the gas capsule and then closed the door. Within 15 seconds, the buzzing stopped.

Q4. How did the director and the crew react?

Ans.

The director and the crew reacted with amazement and appreciation. They were all silent for a moment. Then after a while they burst into laughter. They highly appreciated Helfer for performing the marvellous job.

Q5. Why did Helfer keep the tranquilizer hidden at the shoot?

Ans.

Helfer had to make the flies drowsy so that they might crawl over the dead-looking thing without flying away. This he could not do without using a tranquilizer in a gas capsule. He opened the door of the fly box and broke the capsule open to make them drowsy. This is why he kept the tranquilizer hidden at the shoot so that it might not be seen by the director and the crew.

Q6. What does the way Helfer planned and executed the effect suggest about his skills as an animal trainer?

Ans.

The way Helfer planned and executed is really praiseworthy. He did something which no body could perform. It seems beyond human thinking to train 5000 flies. But the way Helfer planned and executed the effect suggest that he was a good trainer and a resourceful person.