It was the month of June. A crow was very thirsty. It flew here and there in search of water but could not find it anywhere. At last it reached a garden and saw a pitcher containing some water. It sat at the pitcher. It tried to drink the water but its beak could not reach there. It looked around and saw some pebbles nearby. It picked the pebbles and dropped them into the pitcher one by one. Slowly and gradually the water rose up to the mouth of the pitcher. The crow drank the water and flew away.
Once a dog stole a piece of meat from a butcher‘s shop. He ran away from the town because he wanted to eat it all alone. On his way there was a bridge over a stream. When he was crossing the bridge, he saw his own shadow in the water. He thought that there was another dog with a piece of meat in his mouth. He wanted to get that piece also. He opened his mouth to bark at the other dog. As soon as he opened his mouth, his own piece fell down into the water. Thus instead of getting another piece of meat, the greedy dog lost his own too.
Once there lived an old farmer in a village. He had three sons who always quarrelled among themselves. The farmer advised them not to quarrel but all in vain. At last when the farmer realized that his end was near, he wanted to teach them a lesson. He sent for his servant and ordered him to bring a bundled of dry sticks. When the bundle was brought, he asked his sons one by one to break the bundle. All of them tried their best but failed. The farmer then untied the bundle and asked them to break the sticks one by one. Every one broke the sticks easily. The farmer then advised them that if they were united, no one would harm them. This example had a good effect on them. After that they never quarrelled among themselves.
One a woodcutter was cutting wood on the bank of a river. Suddenly, his axe fell into the river. The woodcutter became very sad. He sat at the bank of the river with broken heart. Meanwhile a stranger appeared before him. The stranger asked him the reason of his sadness. The woodcutter told him about the loss of his axe. The stranger took pity on him and dived into the water. He brought out a golden axe. The woodcutter said that it was not his axe. The stranger dived again and brought out a silver axe. But the woodcutter refused to take it. The stranger dived for the third time and brought out an iron axe. The woodcutter was overjoyed when he saw his own axe. The stranger was an angel. It was greatly impressed and pleased at the honesty of the woodcutter. It gave all the three axes to the woodcutter as a reward for his honesty.
Once a fox was very hungry. He went out in search of food but did not get anything. At last he reached a vineyard. He saw some ripe branches of grapes hanging high up. His mouth watered to see the ripe grapes. He jumped again and again but failed each time. At last when he was very tired, he went away saying, “The grapes are sour”.
Once upon a time there was a hare. He was very proud of his speed. He used to laugh at the slow speed of a tortoise. The tortoise got angry and challenged him to a race. A tree at a great distance was chosen as the victory point. When the race started, the hare ran as fast as he could. Very soon he was out of sight. There was a shady tree on the way. The hare decided to take some rest under it. Cold wind was blowing and the hare fell asleep. The tortoise went on crawling. She moved slowly but steadily and at last reached the winning post. When the hare got up, he began to run very fast. But when he reached his destination, he was greatly ashamed to see the tortoise already present there. He had lost the race.
Once upon a time three friends set out on a long journey on foot. When they were passing through a jungle, they found a bag full of gold. They decided to divide it equally among themselves. When they reached near a town, they sent one of them to bring food. In his absence the other two decided to kill him on his return from the town and divide the gold equally between the two. The third man was not less greedy than the other two. As soon as the man from the town came, the other two killed him. But when they ate the poisonous food, they also died.
Once a merchant loaded his donkey with the salt and took it to a village. On the way there was a stream. When they were walking in the stream, the donkey slipped suddenly into the water. When he got up, he felt relieved because some salt was dissolved. After this the donkey made it a habit to fall in the water whenever he crossed it. This caused tremendous loss to the merchant. The merchant was a clever man. He wanted to teach the donkey a lesson. He loaded the donkey with cotton. The donkey, as usual, played the same trick and sat in the water of the stream. The cotton absorbed water and became heavy. When he got up, he found the load too heavy to be carried. In addition to this the merchant gave sound beating to the donkey. The donkey realized his mistake and gave up to play that trick again.
Moral: Evil begets evil.
Once, two friends set out on a long journey. They promised to help each other in time of danger. When they were passing through a forest, they saw a bear coming towards them. On seeing the bear they were frightened. When the bear came near, one of them ran away and climbed up a tree. The other friend was greatly surprised at the strange behaviour of his friend. He did not know how to climb a tree. Soon he lay down on the ground. He held his breath and pretended to be a dead man. The bear came near him, smelt him, took him for a dead body and went away. When the bear disappeared, the other friend came down and asked his friend, “What did the bear say in your ear? The first friend said, “The bear advised me not trust a false and selfish friend.”
Moral: A friend in need is a friend indeed.
Once a stag was drinking water in a pond. He saw his own reflection in the clear water of the pond. He was proud to see his beautiful horns. But when he saw his legs, he felt sad because they were thin and ugly. Suddenly the stag saw some hounds coming towards him. He began to run because his life was in danger. His thin and ugly legs carried him swiftly. Soon he outran the hounds. But unfortunately his beautiful horns were caught in a bush. He tried his best to release his horns but failed. In the meantime the hounds caught him and killed him.
Once a fox was very hungry. He wandered here and there in search of food. At last he saw a crow sitting on a branch of a tree. The crow had a piece of cheese in its beak. The fox’s mouth watered. He wanted to get that piece of cheese. He began to flatter the crow. He said, “You are a beautiful bird. Your voice is very sweet. Let me hear your song”. The crow was overjoyed to hear the words of praise. It opened its beak and began to sing. As soon as it opened its beak, the piece of cheese fell down. The fox picked it up and went away.
Once a fox was very thirsty. He wandered here and there in search of water. At last he reached a well. The level of the water was very low. As the fox was very thirsty, he jumped into the well to quench his thirst. He drank water but could not get out. Soon a goat happened to pass that way. She looked into the well and saw the fox. She asked the fox what he was doing there. The cunning fox replied that he was drinking the cold and sweet water. He invited the goat to refresh herself. The goat jumped into the well. The fox finding an opportunity used the back and horns of the goat climbed out of the well. He ran fast while the foolish stag was left in the well.
Moral: Look before you leap.
One day a farmer was coming home from the town. On the way he saw a snake which was almost frozen with intense cold. The farmer was a kind-hearted person. He took pity on the snake and carried it home in a basket. He placed it near the fire. After a few moments the snake began to warm up. It got a new life and began to move. Suddenly it rushed at the farmer’s children who were playing nearby. The farmer saw this and killed the snake before it could bite a child.
Once a lion was sleeping under a shady tree. A mouse lived in a hole nearby. The mouse came out and began to run over the body of the lion. The lion woke up. He was very angry. He caught the mouse in his paw and was ready to kill it. The mouse begged for mercy. The lion took pity on it and made it free. After a few days the same lion was caught in a hunter’s net. He tried his best to free himself but failed. He began to roar. The mouse heard his cries and came to his help. It began to cut the net with its teeth. Soon the lion was set free. He thanked the mouse for its kindness.
Once upon a time there lived a king. He had many slaves. He was very cruel and treated them harshly. One of his slaves could not bother his cruelty and so he ran away. When he was passing through a forest, he saw a lion crying with pain. The lion had a thorn in his paw. The slave pulled out the thorn and the lion took a sigh of relief. After a few days the slave was arrested by the men of the king. The king ordered that he should be thrown before a hungry lion. As soon as the lion saw the slave, he began to lick his hand. It was the same lion whom the slave had helped in the forest. The king and the people were greatly surprised to see this. The slave told that he had helped this lion by pulling out a thorn in his paw. The king, on hearing this, was very much moved and set the slave free.
Once there lived a fisherman in a village. He used to catch fish in the river. Once he caught a small fish in his net. The fish said to the fisherman, “Please put me back into the river. I am very small now. I am of no use to you. In a few months I shall grow bigger. Then you can catch me again”. But the fisherman was not a fool. He said, “Certainly, you will grow bigger in a few months. But perhaps I may not be able to catch you again”. He put the fish into his basket and took it home.
Moral: A bird in hand is worth two in the bush.
Once a woman had a very strange hen. It laid golden eggs daily. It was a source of richness and happiness to her. She sold the eggs and got a lot of money. But she was foolish and greedy. She thought that the stomach of the hen was full of golden eggs. She wanted to get all the eggs at once. She therefore, killed the hen and opened her belly with a knife. But she was greatly disappointed to find only one egg there. She was greatly sorry over her folly but now nothing could be one.
Moral: Haste makes waste.
Once a cap-seller was going to a city to sell his caps. After travelling for a very long time he slept under the shade of a tree. There were many monkeys sitting in branches of the tree. They came down, put caps on their heads and climbed up again the tree. When the cap-seller woke-up, he was greatly shocked to see that his caps were missing. Suddenly he looked up and saw the monkeys on the trees wearing caps. He did not know what to do. At last he hit upon a clever plan to regain his caps. He took off his own cap and threw it on the ground in anger. The monkeys did the same. They threw their caps on the ground like cap-seller. The cap-seller collected all his caps and took his way.
Moral: Cleverness always pays.
Robert Bruce was the king of Scotland. He took shelter in a cave after he was defeated many times by his enemies. While lying in the cave he saw a spider on the wall. The spider was trying to reach its cobweb but it fell down every time. The spider made nine attempts but could not succeed in its mission. The king thought that the spider would try no more. But to his surprise, the spider made another attempt. This time it was successful in reaching its cobweb. This successful attempt of the spider gave the king a new hope and courage. He gathered his defeated army and attacked with full force. This time he defeated his enemies.
Moral: Try, try again.
Once there lived a shepherd boy in a village. He used to graze his sheep in a nearby forest. He was very naughty. He wanted to make others fool. One day he climbed up a tree and shouted at the top of his voice, “Wolf, wolf” The villagers heard this and rushed to the forest. But when they reached, the boy laughed at them. He told them that he was joking. The people got angry and returned to the village. After a few days, a wolf actually came there. The boy got frightened and began to shout for help. The villagers heard his cries but did not come for his help. They thought that the boy was again joking. The wolf killed many of his sheep and went away.
Moral: Once a liar, always a liar.
Once a miller and his son were going to a city to sell their ass. Neither of them was riding on the ass. While they were passing through a village, some people laughed at them. They called them fool as both of them were walking on foot. At this the father asked his son to ride. They had gone only a furlong when they came across other people. One of them said to the boy, “Are you not ashamed of yourself? You are riding while your father is walking”. The son was greatly ashamed and invited his father to ride. Then they came across other people who condemned the father for being cruel to his son. At this the father invited his son to sit behind him. When they entered another village, a man told them that they were very cruel to the poor ass. The father and his son did not know what to do. They tied the legs of the ass and carried it on their shoulders. On the way there was a bridge. When they were crossing it, the ass got frightened. It began to kick its feet and fell down into the water of the river.
Once a wolf was very thirsty. He was drinking water in a stream. He saw a lamb-drinking waster far down. The wolf wanted to kill the lamb. He said to the lamb, “Why are you making the water dirty“? The lamb replied, “Sir, how it is possible, the stream flows from you to me and not from me to you”. The wolf then said, “Why did you rebuke me last year”? The lamb replied, “Sir, I was not born last year because I am six months old”. When the wolf did not find any excuse, he ran towards the lamb saying, “Then it must be your father or mother”. Saying this he sprang upon the lamb and killed him.
Once a farmer was very old. He had four sons. They were very lazy. They did nothing. When the farmer was quite close to his death, he wanted to teach them a lesson. He called them and said, “There is a treasure hidden somewhere in the fields. You dig the fields and discover it”. After the death of their father, his sons went to the fields and searched for the treasure. They dug every corner of the fields but to their utter despair, no treasure was found. They sowed wheat in these fields. After sometime they got a good crop. Now they realized the wisdom of their father. They found that the crop was the hidden treasure. After that they became active and hard working.
Once a farmer had a daughter. The farmer used to milk the cows while his daughter carried it to the town. One day she was going to the town with a pitcher full of milk on her head. She started building castles in the air. She thought that after selling the milk she would get fifty rupees. With this money she would buy a hen. The hen would lay eggs and the eggs would give birth to fowls. By selling them she would become very rich. She would then receive many offers for her marriage. But she would reject their proposals by tossing her head proudly. As soon as she tossed her head, the pitcher of milk fell down on the ground. She cried but nothing could be done then.
Moral: Do not build castles in the air.
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Notes of Computer for Class 9th Chapter-4
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Notes of Computer for Class 9th Chapter-5
Notes of Computer for Class 9th Chapter-6
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